Markets had a banner year in 2021. The bourses reached new highs, increasing the wealth of investors. However, just as the year was coming to a close, investors were alarmed by a new form of the novel coronavirus known as Omicron, and markets saw a severe downturn.
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The Sensex and the Nifty both fell, alarming investors. In 2022, things have gotten off to a shaky start. Having these features in your portfolio, on the other hand, may help you navigate through difficult times with ease while preserving your long-term profits.
1. Allocation of Assets
Asset allocation, an evergreen method, rescued many people from a rocky fall in March 2020, when markets plummeted. Even this year, you must adhere to asset allocation guidelines and ensure that you diversify appropriately by your objectives and risk tolerance. Prudent asset allocation can help you navigate rough seas with ease, balance your portfolio, and protect your profits.
Aspects to Consider When Allocating Assets
A comprehensive perspective of your financial objectives can assist you in determining the returns you want your portfolio to earn over time. Short-term, medium-term, and long-term objectives should be divided into three categories. Building an emergency fund or taking a vacation are examples of short-term objectives; putting a downpayment on a home or buying the dream automobile are examples of medium-term ambitions.
On the other hand, higher education and retirement are long-term ambitions for your kid. You may invest in debt instruments for short-term aims and aggressive hybrid funds that invest in a combination of equity and debt for medium-term purposes. To achieve long-term goals, it’s best to invest in pure stocks and outperform inflation.
Appetite for Risk
It’s yet another essential factor to consider regarding asset allocation. The capacity to tolerate hazards is referred to as risk appetite. Investing in high-risk products makes little sense if you have a low-risk tolerance. If you have a high-risk desire, on the other hand, you can better tolerate volatility. Invest in financial options that are compatible with your risk appetite.
The term “investment horizon” refers to the amount of time you must keep your money invested to achieve your objectives. For short-term purposes, the investment time might be from six months to a year, while medium-term goals can last up to five years.
On the other hand, the time horizon may be 15 to 20 years or even longer. Depending on your investing horizon, divide your money among various assets. If you’re considering investing in stocks, be sure you’re in it for the long haul since they’re a very volatile asset class in the near term.
2. Balanced Advantage Fund(BAF)
Adding a balanced advantage fund, or BAF, to your portfolio may help you profit from market ups and downs. BAFs use a dynamic asset allocation method, in which the fund management alternates between stocks and debt depending on market conditions. When values are high, the stock component of the portfolio is often lowered to safeguard profits and vice versa.
When you add BAFs to your portfolio, you increase your wealth during a market advance while protecting the corpus from significant losses when markets perform poorly. BAFs, on the other hand, have an important additional benefit. Investing is no longer influenced by emotions. During bull and down markets, investors are more likely to act up.
They tend to be more daring during a bull market and overestimate their risk appetite. Most people end up investing at the top of their game due to this procedure. On the other hand, when markets go down, many people choose the exit option and turn their theoretical losses into actual losses. When markets collapsed and then rallied back in the previous couple of years, these characteristics came to the fore.
BAFs, on the other hand, assist in removing emotions from investing via its dynamic asset allocation technique, allowing you to adopt a more logical approach to investing. Check out the following before investing in a BAF:
- Record for a long time in comparison to the benchmark index and peers
- Holdings under the surface
- The fund manager’s experience
- Cost-to-income ratio
3. Supplementary Health Insurance Plan
We’re all aware that health insurance is required in our portfolio. It protects out-of-pocket payments in the case of a medical emergency and keeps funds from drying up. Given the rise in medical inflation, however, it is essential to increase health insurance coverage, and this is where a top-up health plan excels.
A top-up health plan is a kind of booster plan that offers additional coverage after your regular health insurance plan’s limit has been reached.
Assume you have a health plan of INR 10 lakh and a 12 lakh top-up plan. If your medical claim is worth INR 15 lakh, the standard health insurance plan will cover INR 10 lakh, while the top-up plan will cover the remaining INR 5 lakh.
Top-up policies are simple to get and inexpensive compared to traditional health insurance plans. Compare many programs and choose the one that best meets your needs.
4. Liquid Investment Funds
Emergencies sometimes strike without warning, which may quickly disrupt your financial plans. Covid-19 has shown the necessity of having an emergency fund, and you must create one via disciplined saving and investing.
In this case, liquid funds are a good bet. They put their money into money market instruments with a 91-day maturity. They have a minimal risk of losing money due to market volatility since they typically invest in debt instruments. A systematic investment plan (SIP) in liquid funds may assist you in accumulating the cash you seek.
Previously, an emergency fund equal to six months’ worth of costs was optimal, but, in these times, an emergency fund equivalent to a year’s worth of expenses is preferable. With this money in your account, you may quickly overcome financial shortages and ensure that critical demands are met without delay.
The new Covid-19 version has harmed investor confidence and created an atmosphere of uncertainty. Having these items in your portfolio, on the other hand, may help you better manage your money, achieve your objectives, and remain on stable ground.